Full name: Republic of Bulgaria
Government: Parliamentary democracy
Territory: 110,910 square kilometers
Population: 7,680,000 (estimated 2007)
Capital city: Sofia
International airports: Sofia, Varna, Bourgas, Plovdiv
Main harbors: on the Black Sea - Varna, Bourgas; on the Danube River - Vidin, Oriahovo, Rouse
Monetary unit: Lev (1 lev = ~ EUR 0.48), with bank-notes of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 leva
Official language: Bulgarian
Major religions: Orthodox Christianity (over 85%), Muslim, Jewish
Neighbouring countries: Romania (North), Serbia, Macedonia (West), Greece, Turkey (South), Black Sea (East)
Relief: 31% lowlands occupy 41% plains and hilly terrains, 28% mountains. The larger mountain ranges are the Stara Planina (Balkan) mountains, the Rhodopi, Rila (highest peak on the Balkan Peninsula Musala - 2925 m), Pirin, Vitosha.
Climate: The climate in Bulgaria is moderate continental with four yearly seasons and average annual temperature of 10.5 degrees centigrade. The coldest month is January with an average temperature of 0 degrees centigrade. The average air temperature in the summer is 30 degrees c. and the average water temperature - 25 degrees c.
Most important historical dates and events: